Tanzania: Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform (KWSP)

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2030 Water Resources Group (WRG), Pangani Basin Water Board (PBWB), Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Tanzania Horticulture Association (TAHA)


Why such a partnership is necessary

The Pangani River Basin is of vital importance to Tanzania. Home to a large number of commercial agricultural products, in particular coffee and sugar, it has the largest concentration of horticulture and floriculture producers in the country with over 30 companies in the region exporting to European markets. The Pangani is also globally recognised for its forest and biodiversity resources which generate an estimated US$ 50 million in revenue for the economy annually. Already water stressed, evidence suggests the Pangani’s resources will become increasingly constrained.

Approach and Objectives
Origination of the KWSP
To address the region’s water stresses, the Pangani Basin Water Office, 2030 Water Resources Group Tanzania Partnership, International Water Stewardship Programme (IWaSP) and Tanzania Horticulture Association convened a wide range of public, private and civil society stakeholders to develop the Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform (KWSP). Major private sector local water users also recognise that managing water efficiently within their own operations is not enough. As a result, they have been strongly involved in the platform to collaborate with other organisations to address external water risks. 
Companies such as Coca-Cola’s Bonite Bottlers Ltd, Killiflora Ltd, TPC, TANESCO and Serengeti Breweries Limited/Diageo have already acknowledged these issues in the Pangani and have joined the partnership to find solutions to sustainably manage the region’s water resources.

What the partnership hopes to accomplish

The role of the Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform is to:
  • Promote the uptake of water stewardship standards
  • Increase water use efficiency
  • Develop and scale-up collaborations for improved catchment management
  • Strengthen catchment governance


Promoting the Uptake of Water Stewardship Standards
In order to promote water stewardship standards, KWSP is helping to: raise corporate awareness of the benefits of adopting standards; promote the dissemination of water data to enhance management options; and support effective water stewardship in key value chains and amongst out-growers. Work is already underway to apply the Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS) Standard — a globally-consistent framework for major water users to understand their water use and impacts, and to work collaboratively and transparently for sustainable water management within a catchment context — to various commercial operations in Pangani. This will build, for example, on recent efforts by Serengeti Breweries Limited to implement the AWS standards at their Moshi site, in collaboration with AWS accredited advisor, Water Witness International.
Increasing Water Use Efficiency
While commercial agribusiness continues to move towards waterefficient irrigation, a large number of out-growers, which produce goods for larger commercial operations, remain dependent upon traditional irrigation. This tends to limit smallholder productivity while also requiring abstraction of higher water volumes. KWSP will therefore promote and structure partnerships between outgrowers, agribusiness and finance providers to unlock capital for investment in more productive and water-smart irrigation amongst out-growers and smallholder farmers. In addition to tackling the financing challenge, this working group will also explore opportunities for large companies to share experiences and technology with out-growers.
Improving Catchment Management
As an engine to develop and advance suitable catchment management opportunities, KWSP will provide tools and resources to: identify potential catchment management programs; support development of viable schemes; communicate, pitch and seek financing mechanisms and long-term funding options; and find appropriate, sustainable implementers. For example, through the KWSP platform a partnership has developed between the Pangani Basin Water Board, the Water User Association, Kiliflora and IWaSP on water use efficiency and governance to enhance equitable development in areas in the Upper Kikuletwa sub-catchment where Kiliflora is located. At an institutional level, KWSP will also mobilise stakeholders in the Kilimanjaro and Arusha regions to support the Pangani Basin Water Office in increasing participation in existing catchment water forums, in order to embed multi-stakeholder collaboration within existing institutional structures.
Strengthening Catchment Governance
For catchment governance to be inclusive and effective, the roles and responsibilities of all stakeholders need to be clearly understood. This will ensure that water data can be collected and analysed efficiently, and that water users are clear about their obligations and practice proactive self-regulation to facilitate better enforcement and thereby provide a conducive environment for IWRM. In this regard, KWSP will enhance the capacities of Water Users Associations, Catchment Water Committees and Pangani Basin Water Board. The KWSP could be a temporary proxy for establishing a catchment management committee in the Kikuletwa area, supported by IWaSP and 2030WRG.


Important Information

The above information has been taken from KWSP’s own factsheet.

Country Set-up
In Tanzania, IWaSP is anchored in the GIZ bilateral water programme Support to the Development of the Water Sector in Tanzania (SDWS), a joint programme of the German and Tanzanian governments, implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
IWaSP public sector partners in Tanzania include the Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI), the National Environment Management Council (NEMC), the Dialogue Forum on Climate Change Adaptation, the Wami Ruvu, Ruvuma, and Pangani Basin Water Boards (BWBs), the Kinondoni Municipal Council (KMC), the Upper Ruvuma and Upper Kikuletwa Water User Associations (WUAs).
IWaSP is an international water security programme which combines global best practices in water stewardship with local knowhow. The programme facilitates partnerships between the public sector, the private sector and civil society to address shared water risks, while improving stakeholders’ use and management of water and building their capacity to develop their own solutions. GIZ manages IWaSP on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the UK Department for International Development (DfID).
Contact Information
Fridtjof Behnsen
IWaSP country coordinator in Tanzania