Kenya: Imarisha Naivasha Water Stewardship Project

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Imarisha Naivasha, Water Resource Management Authority (WRMA) - Kenya, Lake Naivasha Basin Umbrella Water Resource Users Association (LANABWRUA), World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)


The Imarisha Naivasha Water Stewardship Partnership aims to support the restoration of the Lake Naivasha Basin, using soil and water conservation measures. This will improve access to water for local communities and livestock, will decrease conflicts among water users by transparent sharing, and will improve water movement and quality (hydrological) monitoring in the basin.

In collaboration with civil society, namely the 12 water resources user associations (WRUAs) of the basin which represents water users, riparian land owners and local communities, several projects have been identified. These projects contribute to the reduction of shared water-related risks (such as water pollution and scarcity) in the Naivasha Basin in line with the sustainable development action plan (SDAP) of Imarisha Naivasha and the respective WRUAs’ sub-catchment management plans.


Approach and Objectives

Phase I of the partnership has achieved the following:

  • 70km of riparian zones jointly protected by three WRUAs
  • Improved drinking water supply through a roof water collection initiative for four communities, three schools and one local health centre
  • 12 WRUAs have been trained in technical, management and governance issues
  • Three WRUAs have been supported to develop their sub-catchment management plans (SCMPs)
  • One common intake has been constructed which joins six water abstraction projects at one common abstraction point in the upper catchment areas. This supports the sharing of water, the environmental flow of water for downstream users and legalises water users in an area where water abstraction is regulated.
  • Local stakeholders are sensitised to the need and benefits of catchment protection by a video documentary
  • Three dams with damaged embankments have been repaired to increase water retention capacity and to provide water to a larger population
  • Physical protection of one spring and dam to reduce pollution and separate water points for people and livestock
  • Two water allocation plans (WAP) billboards have been strategically erected around the lake to create awareness on the level of water in the lake and the volume of water which users are allowed to remove
  • Major gully adjusted to reduce erosion and siltation of the lake through construction of three gabions, two check dams and increased vegetation cover
  • Improved water security for a school and dispensary by improved access to existing borehole and 50m3 storage tank
  • Trusting relationships between partners through these joint implementation efforts and shared responsibilities



In Kenya, the International Water Stewardship Programme (IWaSP) helps to ensure the sustainability of catchment areas and water resources and increases the adaptation capacities of stakeholders to effects of climate change. It is also actively taking measures to strengthen public and civil society sectors involved in water resource management to effectively address shared water risks in their areas of jurisdiction.

In Phase 2A, the following will be targeted:

1) Improvement of water access and availability

  • Rehabilitation, protection, extension and regulation of access to water from existing sources
  • Roof water collection in public institutions and improvement of school and dispensary rain water collection infrastructures

2) Facilitation of the sustainable management of riparian zones

  • Develop management guidelines for riparian zones
  • Map, peg and rehabilitate highly degraded riparian zones

3) WRUA support system developed

  • Establish how well the 10 WRUAs are functioning
  • Develop tailor-made training and support programmes for each WRUA
  • Increase the visibility and membership of the WRUAs

4) Water Risks and Opportunities Assessment

  • Analyse water balance in the basin like current water availability, demand and quality
  • Project scenarios like water balance in the basin in 2020-2030
    • Future water availability and demand for different users due to population and economic growth, climate change and development plans
    • Analyse risks for different stakeholders
  • Identify measures to bridge the gap and minimise risks
  • Analyse the effects of different measures
  • Develop a road map to implement selected measures


Challenges and Outlook

The partners expressed an interest in continuing and expanding the partnership during 2016 and 2017. This allows the partnership activities to be broadened and to be spread to the broader basin.

The partnership aims to set up a water fund to support the long-term financing of water-related infrastructure and activities and to increase the participation of local private sector partners. This is to ensure that the partnership can be sustainable and successfully managed on a local level once IWaSP technical support is eventually completed.


Country Set-up

In Kenya, IWaSP is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and is anchored in the bilateral and GIZ-implemented Water Sector Reform Programme (WSRP). IWaSP Kenya focuses on enabling multi-stakeholder partnerships and co-operations on basin level.

IWaSP is an international water security programme which combines global best practices in water stewardship with local know-how. Currently active in seven countries, the six-year programme (2013-2018) facilitates partnerships between the public sector, the private sector and civil society to address shared water risks, while improving stakeholders’ use and management of water and building their capacity to develop their own solutions. GIZ manages IWaSP on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the UK Department for International Development (DfID).


Contact Information

Anne Marie Ran
Country Coordinator